Using clever analogy, David Richardson, director of technical development for the World Council of Credit Unions (WOCCU), delivered a powerful message on the importance of each of us in the credit union movement to protect so fiercely what our founders worked so hard to create. Just as a farmer needs to protect his livestock, so do cooperatives need to protect the interest of their members. Richardson was among a line-up of international leaders who presented at WOCCO's Mejores Prácticas (Best Practices) - De Las Cooperativas de Ahorro Y Credito conference in Mexico City last week.
During his presentation, Richardson outlined what he considers the genetic markers of bad governance:
Richardson says we can learn a great deal from nature, explaining that there are actually quite a few similarities between cooperatives and a rooster farm. Just as a financial institution offers certain products/services, so does a rooster farm: eggs, meat, insect control, garbage disposal, fertilizer and alarm. He went on to say that when the sun goes down, the raccoons come out and in order to protect the roosters from predators, the farmer has to secure the barn. Credit unions too have to take certain measures to protect - and secure - the interests of the members, one such measure being effective governance.
Richardson offers four suggestions for effective governance:
Mark Cifuentes, senior manager of technical services for WOCCU continued with what actions he believes has an adverse effect on the international system:
Cifuentes says in order to compete effectively in the marketplace we need to convey the message that not only can we be a trusted financial institution, but that we offer:
Having an adequately trained staff is also essential to operating a tight ship, according to Dieter Hubenthal, DGRV project director of training for Latin America. DGRV is a trade association and development organization in Germany. "Your staff is the backbone of your organization," he told the audience. Therefore, he says it's critical that they not just be given an overload of information and expect them to perform to your expectation. There needs to be training and follow-through. Hubenthal implied that training should be seen as an investment, rather than an expense. Your staff, after all, is the face of your organization.
The overlying theme of the three-day conference was strategies for success, encompassing the sharing of ideas, philosophies and best practices of credit unions in Mexico and Latin America, covering a range of topics, including:
Mario Galarraga, WOCCU project manager for the Caja Popular Mexicana (CPM) - who works closely with the Texas and California Credit Union Leagues - says as we go about the daily operation of the credit union, we must never forget our members. "It is for the members that we exist," he told the audience.
He says we must also keep in mind that while the international movement is strong, it is not fully developed in every country. Using a quote from President John F. Kennedy, "ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country," Galarraga called on Latin America credit unions in developing countries to develop their credit unions so that they can be a tool in developing their countries, just as the credit union in developed countries have done. The strength of the movement, he says, is dependent upon the success of all credit unions.
A partnership that is quickly proving successful is one between WOCCU and FINANCOOP. The two organizations are working toward a shared- branching network. Initially, this pilot program would enable Ecuadorians to access their funds from participating credit unions throughout the country. However, the plan is to have in the very near future, a cross-border shared branching system, whereas Ecuadorians could access their money from participating credit unions in the United States and Spain.
David Torres, CFO of the CPM, says one thing to keep in mind is that cooperatives abroad need to focus attention on educating their members about savings, which is the key to coming out of poverty. For example, in Mexico, 81 percent of the population relies on remittance to sustain living expenses. Certainly, we need to provide convenient access to these funds, but Torres says there needs to be emphasis placed on the importance of saving in order to achieve long- term goals, such as buying a home or starting a small business.
Galarraga says remittances serve as a bridge between U.S. credit unions and CPM. In fact, CPM is one of the largest receivers of remittances from abroad. On average, CPM currently receives about 6,000 remittances a month - some of which are from U.S. credit unions, but the majority is from non-credit union outlets. Galarraga says a goal of CPM is also to implement a shared- branching system, once it completes the conversion of their technology platform. The Texas and California Credit Union Leagues signed a "People to People" partnership with CPM two years ago. This signed partnership serves as commitment to mutual assistance and framework for a relationship that will stretch well into the future, globally strengthening the credit union movement.
More than 300 credit union leaders attended the conference, representing 16 countries, including Belize, Bolivia, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic Ecuador, El Salvador, Germany, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru and United States (including representatives from the California and Texas Leagues).
El Consejo Mundial de Cooperativas de Ahorro y Crédito es la asociación gremial y agencia de desarrollo para el sistema internacional de cooperativas de ahorro y crédito. El Consejo Mundial promueve el crecimiento sustentable de las cooperativas de ahorro y crédito y otras cooperativas financieras en todo el mundo a fin de facultar a las personas para que mejoren su calidad de vida a través del acceso a servicios financieros asequibles y de alta calidad. El Consejo Mundial realiza esfuerzos de defensa activa en representación del sistema global de las cooperativas de ahorro y crédito ante organizaciones internacionales y trabaja con gobiernos nacionales para mejorar la legislación y la regulación. Sus programas de asistencia técnica introducen nuevas herramientas y tecnologías para fortalecer el desempeño financiero de las cooperativas de ahorro y crédito y profundizar su alcance comunitario.
El Consejo Mundial ha implementado 290 programas de asistencia técnica en 71 países. A nivel mundial, 57,000 cooperativas de ahorro y crédito en 103 países atienden a 208 millones de personas. Obtenga más información sobre el impacto global del Consejo Mundial en www.woccu.org.