Madison, WI—Bill Raker, President and CEO of US Federal Credit Union, traveled to Cambodia last month to assess prospective credit unions as part of the World Council of Credit Unions (WOCCU)-Credit Union Foundation of Australia (CUFA) collaborative effort to foster credit union growth in Cambodia.
One-third of Cambodia’s 14 million people lives below the country’s poverty level of US$0.50 per day. Raker visited credit unions in two villages in the rural rice farming area 100 kilometers from the capital city of Phnom Penh.
Of his trip, Raker reported, “The two credit unions I visited were in an area that has an agrarian, underdeveloped, minimalist economy. The visit to Cambodia was an eye-opening, life- changing experience.”
He found people living in wooden homes on stilts surrounded by rice fields. Pigs, chickens and ducks roamed freely around the dirt floors and cattle were tethered inside the houses. Water flowed only from hand-pumped wells, and there was no electricity.
Raker was one of the first foreigners ever to visit the remote village of Krang Ampil Village Bank credit union. First organized in 2001, the credit union has 47 members from a village of about 125 families. Members pool their savings to provide loans for fellow members to buy chickens for raising and selling, fertilizer and rice for planting, and goods for selling in the village market.
One female member used a loan from Krang Ampil Village Bank credit union her to buy a sewing machine. She now uses the machine to make silk items that she sells to support her family.
Given the history of conflict in Cambodia, people tend to mistrust government, politicians and each other. “Yet members are learning to trust each other through their experiences with their credit unions,” Raker commented.
Founded just last year, Takeo Farmers credit union brings together 1,402 members from 26 village associations. Village members elect volunteer “directors,” who oversee the credit union by receiving and accounting for the deposits and approving and administering loans. Takeo Farmers’ loans are primarily for agriculture and retail commerce for self- employed members.
One credit union family explained to Raker that they were saving for emergencies, illness and old age. The same family had accessed a credit union loan for an ox cart to carry fertilizer to the fields and to haul their garden produce to sell in the local market at harvest time.
Brian Branch, Chief Operating Officer and Senior Vice President of WOCCU explained, “There is a tremendous amount of talent and good will in the credit union movement in Cambodia. Through collaboration within the international credit union system, volunteers like Bill Raker reach out and make an impact in some of the most remote and underserved communities in the world today.”
The WOCCU-CUFA development program will support credit unions with solid growth potential so they can construct buildings and generate confidence in their communities to attract new members.
El Consejo Mundial de Cooperativas de Ahorro y Crédito es la asociación gremial y agencia de desarrollo para el sistema internacional de cooperativas de ahorro y crédito. El Consejo Mundial promueve el crecimiento sustentable de las cooperativas de ahorro y crédito y otras cooperativas financieras en todo el mundo a fin de facultar a las personas para que mejoren su calidad de vida a través del acceso a servicios financieros asequibles y de alta calidad. El Consejo Mundial realiza esfuerzos de defensa activa en representación del sistema global de las cooperativas de ahorro y crédito ante organizaciones internacionales y trabaja con gobiernos nacionales para mejorar la legislación y la regulación. Sus programas de asistencia técnica introducen nuevas herramientas y tecnologías para fortalecer el desempeño financiero de las cooperativas de ahorro y crédito y profundizar su alcance comunitario.
El Consejo Mundial ha implementado 290 programas de asistencia técnica en 71 países. A nivel mundial, 56,000 cooperativas de ahorro y crédito en 101 países atienden a 200 millones de personas. Obtenga más información sobre el impacto global del Consejo Mundial en www.woccu.org.