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Irish League Calls on Government to put Credit Unions' €18 Billion to Work to Help Communities Recover from COVID-19

ILCU President Gerry Thompson
ILCU President Gerry Thompson

The following post is provided by the Irish League of Credit Unions, World Council's direct member organization in Ireland.

The Irish League of Credit Unions (ILCU), which represents 226 credit unions across the Republic of Ireland, has called on the new Government to honour commitments made in the Programme for Government to allow credit unions become the key provider of community banking services across Ireland.

A new report by the ILCU examines the current position of the movement, the challenges it faces to remain a sustainable and growing force in Ireland’s financial landscape and proposes a number of reforms which the new Government must now introduce to underpin the long-term future of credit unions and better meet the needs of its 3.1 million members in the Republic.

Policy reforms to allow credit unions to expand their mortgage and business lending services and invest in national community infrastructure projects are key priorities.

The report sets out the ways in which credit unions’ strong asset base of over €18 billion can be used by the new Government to fund social and community development as Ireland seeks to economically recover from the impact of COVID-19.

As credit unions assets surge, this in turn has created a significant asset base which the new Government could leverage to fund areas such as social housing (where up to €900 million credit union finance is available) or the retrofitting of over 500,000 older homes by 2030 as promised under the Programme for Government.

The ILCU is critical that, to date, successive Governments have failed sufficiently to work with credit unions to better utilise their assets and unlock their potential to give back to the communities which are the backbone of the credit union movement.

Under the current approach, credit unions funds are typically placed on deposit in EU banks where they are often used by domestic EU Governments to fund infrastructure projects. Credit unions argue that this makes no sense, when their funds could be leveraged for capital projects, such as social housing development in Ireland.

“To date, policymakers continue to view credit union’s strong and growing asset base as a problem which needs ever more regulation. They are failing to grasp the opportunity to leverage these significant funds to support the development of communities across the country. Funding, which is needed now, more than ever," said ILCU President Gerry Thompson. “Credit unions want to see their assets used to develop communities in Ireland, such as through funding social housing, rather than being invested to build roads in Germany, as currently happens”.

Credit unions also acknowledge that the significant increase in members’ savings in recent months in response to the economic uncertainty which COVID-19 has created, in parallel to reduced demand for lending, is problematic for credit unions.

Described by Mr Thompson as the "perfect storm"—it is directly leading credit unions to reduce members’ savings caps in order to meet regulatory capital requirements. The impact of this is that credit unions can no longer accept members’ savings above these cap limits, which in many credit unions can be as low as €15,000 to €25,000.

“Credit unions, due to the need to maintain capital regulatory reserves at a level which can be higher than international norms, are being forced to turn away members’ deposits," said Thompson. "Members choose us as their financial providers precisely because they trust us over commercial banks; like that we are not-for-profit organisations; and, are unique in that credit unions are run by members for members and committed to giving back to our communities. We now have a scenario where a member cannot save, in full, with us for important but relatively modest purchases such as a new small car, their wedding or a deposit for a first home. The ability of credit unions to meet the needs of members and be the ‘peoples’ bank’ is being undermined. With 3.1 million members across the country, the new Government needs to do more to support credit unions and allow them to serve our members more effectively."

The Programme for Government has now specifically committed to review the policy framework within which credit unions operate; enable and support credit unions to grow; and expand their services to help communities develop. Credit unions want to see this translated into a new Credit Union Act to shape their future.

The new ILCU report sets out a number of policy reforms, which must now be implemented by the new Government, to achieve these objectives. 

Key reforms include:

1. A new Credit Union Act which creates the legislative basis for credit unions to achieve their vision of increasing their financial offering; becoming a stronger community banking force and a real alternative to traditional commercial banks;

2. An immediate reduction in capital reserving requirements from the current 10% to 8%, bringing reserving requirements of credit unions in the Republic in line with international norms. The reduction would give credit unions ‘breathing space’ to fund further development of products and services, such as expanded mortgage and business lending, to better meet member needs;

3. Unlocking the potential for credit union funds to support the construction of social housing through the creation of a State-regulated investment vehicle, providing a mechanism by which credit unions could invest up to €900 million in social housing;

4. Making credit union finance available, through the Strategic Banking Corporation, to fund the proposed National Retrofitting Plan to retrofit 500,000 older homes by 2030; and

5. A suspension of all regulatory levies imposed by the Department of Finance and the Central Bank on credit unions for 12 months in recognition of the extraordinary costs faced by volunteer-led credit unions during COVID-19 to ensure continuity of services. In parallel, a review of all regulatory levies imposed on credit unions to ensure that they are fair and proportionate must also be undertaken.

The huge potential of credit unions to create an even stronger co-operative or community model of banking which provides a valuable alternative to traditional commercial banks exists and has long been discussed. In the post-COVID recovery period, this is needed more than ever. But, while the movement is itself working to make this happen, it also needs a more proactive and ‘can do’ approach from Government," said Thompson. "Our message to Government today is clear, credit unions have the financial muscle to support our communities through the difficult recovery period ahead but Government must play its part by lifting the barriers which currently prevent credit unions from supporting communities to their full extent."

Click here to read the report.